Ukelele ( spelled ukelele in england, abbreviated to uke; pronounced yoo-kuh-ley-lee [American English] or oo-koo-ley-ley [original Hawaiian]) is often a small, guitar-like lute with four to 10 strings. Created in the 1880s, the ukulele is the Hawaiian interpretation with the Portuguese braguinha.
Hawaii's most famous musical instrument produces big tone and sweet sound. Ukuleles usually come in 4 sizes: Soprano (or what Hawaiians refer to as Standard size), Concert, Tenor , and Baritone. The Solid Body Cutaway is often a more modern innovation.
Ukuleles are typically made from wood, however, there are a few models manufactured from plastic or possibly a composite of plastic and wood. Expensive models are manufactured from hardwood (e.g.mahogany, kulawood, spruce, and sequoia), the priciest which are made from koa tree.
An average ukulele features a figure 8 shape prefer that of the small beginners guitar. There are also other interesting shape variations for example oval (called pineapple ukulele), boat paddle, and square (usually made from an old wooden cigar box).
Ukulele was taken to the Hawaiians by Portuguese immigrants. To celebrate arriving on August 23, 1879, Joao Fernandes played Portuguese folk songs on the wharf using a braguinha borrowed coming from a friend. Hawaiians who witnessed him about the dock where so impressed not simply together with his music, and also with all the speed of his fingers: i felt like they danced through the fingerboard. Hence, they referred to as instrument "ukulele," meaning "jumping flea."
(Queen Lili'uokalani, the final monarch of Hawaii, gave an alternative version towards the origins of "ukulele". She thought ukulele meant "the gift that came here," from uku meaning "the gift" and lele meaning "to come.")
There have been 419 immigrants aboard the ship Ravenscrag, but three people will be the first to create ukulele shops. These were Manuel Nunes, Augustine Dias, and Joao Fernandes.
Within Decade after the arrival in the Portuguese, the ukulele became Hawaii's most popular instrument. It is said that Joao Fernandes would be a key behind this, as they spent considerable time experimenting Honolulu with his instrument.
Ukelele: A royal endorsement
It had been also from Fernandes that King Kalakaua first heard
the background music in the ukulele, but he learned to experience it from Augusto Diaz. He encouraged rrt had been played during royal gatherings. A patron of arts, King Kalakaua's enthusiasm over ukulele got more acceptable to the people of Hawaii. It was played by Hawaiian from all walks of life--- from taro farmers to fishermen to royalties. Other royalties who learned the way to play included Queen Emma, Queen Lili'uokalani, Prince Leleihoku, and Princess Likelike.
In 1915, ukulele's popularity transferred to the mainland starting in Bay area in the Panama Pacific International Exposition. As a result, ukulele sales increased. As well as its sweet sound,
From US the mainland, ukulele transferred to the UK and to the remainder of the world. The ukulele even became a symbol with the Jazz Age.
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